As the primary shelter for your animals, horse barns need to be sturdy and comfortable at the same time. The structures, as well, need to comply with local building codes and involve not only the location and design of the structure but also how manure and other waste are disposed. Pole building kits are helpful for starting out horse barns, but the metal and wood building is only the framework. Building plans for the interior need to be drawn up, and additional factors need to be taken into consideration.
Horse barns need to be built on well-drained land – a slightly elevated location is preferred – to prevent mud. The barn, as well, needs to be near utility lines and the road, as the structure will likely need drains or other plumbing. Sun and wind can respectively warm or cool your horse barn, and before you build, find a location that is enough in the sun to keep the barn warm in winter and allows the wind to pass through in warmer weather. The wind, however, should not create a wind tunnel inside the barn.
After the framework of the structure is built, the interior of the horse barn needs to be added. The layout should minimize mess and include enough space for horses, an aisle, and equipment. Areas for stalls, a tack room, and an aisle must be planned. Aisles should be 14 feet wide to fit your horses, and doors need to open at least 12 feet. Stalls, as well, need to be at least 12 feet by 12 feet with a 10-foot clearance; 14 feet by 14 feet is preferred.
Horse barns need ventilation and light, and going natural is preferred for both of these. Vent-style windows high on the walls remove warm and stale air. While vents allow air to circulate inside, a roof exhaust fan keeps circulation constant. Similarly, natural light makes working inside a horse barn easier, and install as many windows as possible to bring natural light inside. Stalls, however, should also have lights inside.
Flooring also needs to be taken into consideration for your horse barn. Dirt is easier on the animals’ legs but is harder to clean. Concrete, on the other hand, is easy to clean and prevents the animals from digging holes but can hurt the animals’ legs. Asphalt is a compromise between these two for flooring and should be added when you install the pole building kit.